Assessment of pain in older people : where are we now and what needs to be done?
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The purpose of this paper is to present the findings of a review of the literature into pain and older people. The funded study was part of the development of an annotated bibliography published in August 2005. The review included all major databases and involved the collection of 214 papers between the dates of 1995 and 2005. The papers were divided into several major themes, which include experiences, management (pharmacological and non-pharmacological), assessment, and attitudes. Within this paper, the results of the review into pain assessment will be discussed, which includes 42 of the collected papers. The other sections will be published later. The paper will discuss issues pertaining to the development of specific tools for older people, a discussion of tools already available, comparisons of staff versus older people’s perceptions of pain scales, and articles with cognitive impairment as a focus. Recommendations for further study are made.
Schofield, P., Clarke, A., Faulkner, M., Ryan, T., Dunham, M., and Howarth, A. (2006) Assessment of pain in older people : where are we now and what needs to be done? International Journal on Disability and Human Development, 5(1), pp. 3-8.