Now showing items 1-10 of 42
Does enternal nutrition affect clinical outcome? A systematic review of the randomized trials
(Blackwell Publishing, 2007)
Background: Both parenteral nutrition (PN) and enteral nutrition (EN) are widely advocated as adjunctive care in patients with various diseases. A systematic review of 82 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of PN published ...
ABC of obesity. Management: Part 1 - behaviour change, diet and activity
(BMJ Publishing, 2006-10-07)
Is annual surveillance of all treated hyperthyroid patients necessary?
(BioMed Central, 2007-07-02)
Background: Annual surveillance (with thyroid function testing) is widely recommended for the long-term follow-up of treated hypothyroid patients. It is based largely on consensus opinion and there is limited evidence to ...
Randomised trial of glutamine and selenium supplemented parenteral nutrition for critically ill patients
(BioMed Central, 2007-09-20)
Background: Mortality rates in the Intensive Care Unit and subsequent hospital mortality rates in the UK remain high. Infections in Intensive Care are associated with a 2–3 times increased risk of death. It is thought that ...
Does taking vitamin, mineral and fatty acid supplements prevent cognitive decline? A systematic review of randomized controlled trials
Background Observational studies have shown associations between nutritional status and cognition in later life but evidence from intervention studies is unclear. The present study systematically reviewed the evidence on ...
Effect of multivitamin and multimineral supplementation on cognitive function in men and women aged 65 years and over : a randomised controlled trial
Background: Observational studies have frequently reported an association between cognitive function and nutrition in later life but randomised trials of B vitamins and antioxidant supplements have mostly found no beneficial ...
A cost-utility analysis of multivitamin and multimineral supplements in men and women aged 65 years and over
Background and Aims As people age there is a progressive dysregulation of the immune system that may lead to an increased risk of infections, which may precipitate hospital admission in people with chronic heart or respiratory ...
Systematic review of the use of financial incentives in treatments for obesity and overweight
Nine studies met the criteria for inclusion in this systematic review of randomized controlled trials of treatments for obesity and overweight involving the use of financial incentives, with reported follow-up of at least ...
Patient level pooled analysis of 68,500 patients from seven major vitamin D fracture trials in the US and Europe
Objectives To identify participants’ characteristics that influence the anti-fracture efficacy of vitamin D or vitamin D plus calcium with respect to any fracture, hip fracture, and clinical vertebral fracture and to ...
Long-term weight loss effects on all cause mortality in overweight/obese populations
This systematic review assesses the long-term effectiveness of weight loss on all cause mortality in overweight/obese people. Medline, Embase and Cinahl were searched (1966–2005). Cohort studies and trials on participants ...